In general, trade diversion means that a free trade agreement would divert trade from more efficient suppliers outside the zone to less efficient suppliers within the territories. Whereas the creation of trade implies the creation of a free trade area that might not otherwise have existed. In any case, the creation of trade will increase a country`s national well-being.  Why should you take care of it? The United States has negotiated trade agreements with 20 countries to facilitate the cross-border movement of goods, where your customer is located. Access to FREI trade agreements means gaining a competitive advantage. A free trade agreement (FTA) or treaty is a multinational agreement under international law to create a free trade area between cooperating states. Free trade agreements, a form of trade pacts, set tariffs and tariffs on imports and exports by countries, with the aim of reducing or removing barriers to trade and thereby promoting international trade.  These agreements “generally focus on a chapter with preferential tariff treatment,” but they often contain “trade facilitation and regulatory clauses in areas such as investment, intellectual property, public procurement, technical standards, and health and plant health issues.”  A government is not obliged to take concrete steps to promote free trade. This upside-down attitude is called “laissez-faire trade” or trade liberalization. Together, these agreements mean that about half of all goods entering the United States enter duty-free, according to the government. The average import duty on industrial products is 2%. Free trade agreements, which are free trade zones, are generally outside the scope of the multilateral trading system. However, WTO members must inform the secretariat when new free trade agreements are concluded and, in principle, the texts of free trade agreements are reviewed by the Committee on Regional Trade Agreements.
 Although a dispute in free trade areas is not the subject of litigation within the WTO`s dispute resolution body, “there is no assurance that WTO panels will comply and reject jurisdiction in a particular case.”  The benefits of free trade were outlined in On the Principles of Political Economy and Taxation, published in 1817 by economist David Ricardo. Below is a list of eu`s trading partners, which contain links to the respective original protocols. Both the creation of trade and the diversion of trade have a decisive impact on the establishment of a free trade agreement. The creation of trade will result in a shift in consumption from a cost producer to a low-cost producer, which will lead to an expansion of trade. On the other hand, trade diversion will mean that trade will move from a low-cost producer outside the zone to a more expensive producer in the free trade agreement.  Such offshoring will not benefit consumers under the free trade agreement, which will be deprived of the opportunity to purchase cheaper imported goods. However, economists note that trade diversion does not always harm the overall national well-being: it can even improve national well-being as a whole if the volume of misappropriated trade is low.  In addition, free trade is now an integral part of the financial and investment systems. U.S. investors now have access to most foreign financial markets and a wider range of securities, currencies and other financial products.
The market access card was developed by the International Trade Centre (ITC) to support companies, governments and market access researchers. The database, which is visible via the Market Access Map online tool, contains information on tariff and non-tariff barriers in all active trade agreements that are not limited to those that are officially notified