On 29 and 30 September 1938, an emergency meeting of the major European powers was held in Munich – without Czechoslovakia or the Soviet Union, allied with France and Czechoslovakia. An agreement was quickly reached on Hitler`s terms. It was signed by the leaders of Germany, France, Great Britain and Italy. On the military front, the Sudetenland was of strategic importance to Czechoslovakia, as most of its border defences were there to protect themselves from a German attack. The agreement between the four powers was signed with low intensity in the context of an undeclared German-Czechoslovak war, which had begun on 17 September 1938. Meanwhile, after 23 September 1938, Poland transferred its military units to the common border with Czechoslovakia.  Czechoslovakia bowed to diplomatic pressure from France and Great Britain and decided on 30 September to cede Germany to Munich conditions. Fearing a possible loss of Zaolzie to Germany, Poland issued an ultimatum to Zaolzie, with a majority of Polish ethnic groups, which Germany had accepted in advance and accepted Czechoslovakia on 1 October.  On 30 September at 11:45 p.m.m, 11 hours after the Czechoslovakian government had agreed to the Munich conditions, Poland issued an ultimatum to the Czechoslovakian government.  It demanded the immediate evacuation of Czechoslovakian troops and police and gave Prague until noon the next day. On 1 October at 11:45 a.m.
.m. the Czechoslovak Foreign Ministry called the Polish ambassador in Prague to tell him that Poland could get what it wanted, but then asked for a 24-hour delay. On 2 October, the Polish army, under the command of General W. Bortnowski, annexed an area of 801.5 km2 with 227,399 inhabitants. The attached area was divided between Frysztat County and Cieszyn County.  At the same time, Slovakia lost 10,390 km2 to Hungary, which has a population of 854,277. On 28 September at 10 a.m., four hours before the deadline expired and without the approval of Hitler`s request to Czechoslovakia, the British Ambassador to Italy, Lord Perth, summoned the Italian Foreign Minister, Mr Galeazzo Ciano, to request an emergency meeting.  Perth informed Ciano that Chamberlain had ordered him to ask Mussolini in the negotiations and ask Hitler to delay the ultimatum.
 At 11:00 a.m., Ciano met With Mussolini and informed him of Chamberlain`s proposal; Mussolini agreed and responded by questioning the Italian ambassador to Germany and telling him: “Go immediately to Fuhrer`s house and tell him that I will be by his side, but that I ask for a 24-hour delay before hostilities begin.