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Overview Of National Regulations And Relevant International Agreements

Source and ©: FAO “The State of Food and Agriculture 2003-2004” Chapter 5: Health and Environment of GM Crops Section International Environmental Agreements and Institutions, subsection The Convention on Biological Diversity and the Cartagena Protocol on Biosecurity Agreements and Institutions The aim of the International Convention on Plant Protection (IPPC) is to ensure common and effective measures to prevent the spread and introduction of pests. and to promote control measures. Although the IPPC provides for trade in plants and plant products, it is not limited in this regard. In particular, the scope of the IPPC covers the protection of wild flora in addition to cultivated flora and includes direct and indirect damage caused by pests, including weeds. IPPC plays an important role in preserving plant biodiversity and protecting natural resources. As a result, the standards developed under the IPPC also apply to key elements of CBD, including the prevention and mitigation of the effects of invasive alien species and the Cartagena protocol on biosecurity. As a result, CBD, FAO and IPPC have worked closely together. This has particularly extended to addressing the CBD`s concerns in the development of new international standards for plant health measures (PMIs). However, if the protocol is not carefully developed, it could seriously impede international trade, product development, technology transfer and scientific research. The potential benefits could also be significantly offset by huge costs, uncertainties and delays.

The development of the protocol is progressing rapidly; Negotiations will conclude in February 1999. The exchange of information is provided for in the protocol by the creation of the clearing house for the prevention of biotech risks. The Biotech Risk Prevention Clearing House aims to facilitate the exchange of information and experiences with LVO and to help the parties implement the protocol. Article 20, paragraph 2, also provides access to other international biosecurity information exchange systems. The information that the parties must provide to the clearing house includes the laws, regulations and guidelines in force for the implementation of the protocol; The information needed for the AIA all bilateral, regional and multilateral agreements under the protocol; Summary of risk assessment and final decisions. The protocol must be in line with the rules of international trade. If the scope of the protocol is unnecessarily broad and the AIA procedure is excessively cumbersome, the protocol could have serious negative effects on trade. Therefore, the scope of the protocol and the provisions of the AIA must be limited to the VO and planned uses, which can realistically have significant negative effects on biodiversity. The decision to authorize or deny the transfer of a protocol-covered LMO must be based on sound scientific knowledge of the actual or reasonably expected effects on biodiversity.

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Deepak Kamboj

Deepak Kamboj is a Solution Architect and Technology Enthusiast, located at Redmond, WA, having 14+ years of hands on experience in the IT industry.

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